application of polymers pdf


application of polymers pdf

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0 580 0 obj <> endobj ]�s���3�U�q˔�l��(���X|A�5CB՜B09�坚�^~Sh�j��E�������B���(���; Polymers are incredibly diverse elements that represent such fields of engineering from avionics through biomedical applications, drug delivery system, biosensor devices, tissue engineering, cosmetics etc. Polymer Processing. 0000005980 00000 n The unit substance or substances from which the polymer is obtained is called a monomer. Conducting polymers are useful in discharging large quantities of static electricity in computer industries and in chemical industries. Hence conducting polymers are used as antistatics. This review includes various polymers used in pharmaceutics based on their applications. It is an ideal introduction to this field, as well as a review of the latest research in this area. the application of polymers and their subsequent composites is still advancing and increasing quickly due to their ease regarding manufacturing. 0000026095 00000 n 0000004248 00000 n 0000006238 00000 n The Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications presents state-of-the-art research and development on the applications of polymers. 0000011470 00000 n 0000001238 00000 n reaching practical applications, because it has led to an understanding of how and why the physical and chemical properties of polymers change with the nature of the monomers from which they are synthesized. Applications of Polymers. Other engineers (mechanical, civil, electrical, etc.) 0000011662 00000 n The participants began research into the production of Applications of Polymers Macromolecular science has had a major impact on the way we live. (PDF) Applications of Polymers, Elastomers, Fibers and Composites | Muhammad Khizar Shafique - Academia.edu Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. What do DNA, a plastic bottle, and wood all have in common? Thus, polymers are less and less exotic in the domain of health, and Responsive polymer-based materials are capable of altering their chemical and/or physical properties upon exposure to external stimuli. 0000002746 00000 n 0000006069 00000 n 0000232684 00000 n 0000007029 00000 n xref 0000010815 00000 n Perhaps, plastics/polymers might be the most widely used materials in the present world and also have been named as the ’the materials for the 21st century’ [22], [23]. 20 21 Synthetic polymers are those which are human-made polymers. 0000124456 00000 n 2. 0000003470 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n Polymers. 0000003373 00000 n The process by which the polymers are formed is called polymerisation. •Polymers, the most versatile class of materials, have changed our day-to-day lives over the past several decades. 0000002782 00000 n 0000341309 00000 n 0000120452 00000 n Among many temperature-sensitive polymers, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) and poly(N,N-diethylacrylamide) (PDEAAm) find many applications. Polymers make up many of the materials in living organisms, and they constitute the basis of certain minerals and human-made materials, such as paper and plastics. Application of different polymer including conducting polymer are discussed below: Organic solar sail produce electricity from sunlight using polymer. Their applications range widely from material packaging to fabrication of the most sophisticated drug delivery devices. ���fI���1������ �c# Gh�N�v��ݲ~=˞����e'$�B;w�T;HC���b���ax�Q�n��D��a��h*����`�Ȣ��`?tQ�? 0000006897 00000 n 0000004949 00000 n %PDF-1.3 %���� @��H�V$D�����D{M��K�(1. Role of polymers in drug delivery will grow steeply in future to handle various unsolved issues. 40 0 obj <>stream Polymer-based composites have attracted considerable interest in areas, such as: automobile, construction, electronics, packaging and aviation industries [1,2]. 0000273163 00000 n This can be accomplished by coating the conducting polymer over an insulating surface. Examples of the methods to construct the antifouling surfaces or nanoparticles for these applications will be given and discussed from molecular level. Derived from its name, meaning many repeating units, polymers are often made up of branches of carbon and hydrogen chemically linked together to make a chain. trailer The CRP on The Stability and Stabilization of Polymers under Irradiation was organized from 1994 to 1997 (IAEA-TECDOC-1062). ��&~E?�`xrIhtM�������U+D{���G���됪��'�܆�LJm�l��Oc�!J�j�FL�AL�����ukE=�/��qͼ�w*6����6��� N]F�ls]��G�W�X�ͪi�k uQ�� A number of different polymer processing techniques are used in the current industry based on the nature of the application, product, material, and so forth: Extrusion Polymer testing and consultancy for plastics, additives with applications including aerospace, automotive, electronics, packaging and medical devices. Any applications, from traditional to advanced, are covered. Give up? They are all polymers! 0000008111 00000 n For such applications a ”dynamic” elastic modulus is more useful to characterizethe performance of the polymerunder an oscillating mechanical load. Conducting polymers (CPs) are an exciting new class of electronic materials, which … 0000003722 00000 n %%EOF ���M�Y �������p@^��j��q�ń�c��-GY!�H�G�b�Zd�jJ�/�j6��Q��x�"�Ԡ��U�|C�='�I�B�`�����,a�j�l �Q�J�ˬ�M�o�X�Bǩ���/r(M�����]7a�b)[�z��’�>�l�Q&�a�����ܲQ�Hڎ�'����Pe���c��,�y{>. Polymers cannot be classified under one category because of their complex structures, different behaviours, and vast applications. Just 50 years ago, materials we now take for granted were non-existent. 0000002657 00000 n 0000026234 00000 n Derived from its name, meaning many repeating units, polymers are often made up of branches of carbon and hydrogen chemically linked together to make a chain. •Silk is a polymer of the amino acids glycine and alanine •Wool is having disulphide (sulphur-sulphur) bonds to link the polymer chains together. This page contains materials for the polymers class session on synthesis, properties and applications. 0000232234 00000 n PDEAAm has a low value of LCST (a critical temperature below which the components of a solution with any composition are miscible) in the range of 25–32°C, which is near to normal body temperature. applications of polymer in the field of agriculture, highlighting present research trends , impact on food security and what the future holds. Thermoplastics start as regular pellets or granules and can be remelted. 0000184962 00000 n 0000005554 00000 n 0000185112 00000 n 0000272486 00000 n 0000028468 00000 n 0000184758 00000 n endstream endobj 21 0 obj <> endobj 22 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> endobj 23 0 obj <> endobj 24 0 obj <> endobj 25 0 obj <> endobj 26 0 obj <> endobj 27 0 obj <> endobj 28 0 obj <>stream With a more demanding 0000007283 00000 n 0000017913 00000 n 0000151361 00000 n 0000006867 00000 n Smart Polymers and Their Applications, Second Edition presents an up-to-date resource of information on the synthesis and properties of different types of smart polymers, including temperature, pH, electro, magnetic and photo-responsive polymers, amongst others. All kinds of polymers, either conventional engineering polymer or newly developed one, from thermoset and thermoplastic to vitrimer, are included. M�/�A�HE�\F��E#�� &~H)�0���F�}�[�8@I��ܢM ��v̒�"^�8z��hW��[I�8E�hut���Tb�YvO��v{�`�d� 3G�Vl^�l۳I�Y�]b���6���T��w��Y�۹�Jš��NU+0�4����Y���I���;�kڻ?�ejሖ}��3.���Lb Some polymers, especially the elastomers, are used in structures for the purpose of isolation and absorption of shock and vibration. 0000004461 00000 n %%EOF 0000001613 00000 n Molecular science has a major role in our lives. The sulphur is present due to the amino acid cysteine 0000027577 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n hތ�ILSQ�����^�Z��P�J�L"$�1)�e�e Classification of cellulose-based polymers 2.1. endstream endobj 29 0 obj <>stream Technology is continually changing and quickly advancing as polymers are needed to solve a variety of day-to-day challenges leading to improvements in quality of life. 0000025236 00000 n 0000000986 00000 n Synthetic polymers play important role in agricultural uses as structural materials for creating a climate Surface functionalization of biomaterials by grafting synthetic polymers represents a widespread strategy to prevent nonspecific biological adhesion, and impart the desired physicochemical, mechanical and tribological properties to the modified supports. 0000002357 00000 n 0000039428 00000 n Fibers include many types of synthetic yarn or rope that are made from amorphous materials such as the polyesters. This review will be focus on development and progress of the applications of zwitterionic polymers, such as PSB, PCB and PPC, in biomedicine, separation membrane and marine coating. startxref Polymersare very large molecules that are made up of thousands - even millions - of atoms that are bonded together in a repeating pattern. 0000208571 00000 n 0000029156 00000 n 0000001452 00000 n This section of Polymer Applications under Polymers is a right channel to publish all types of applications related to polymeric materials and their composites. 0000002547 00000 n endstream endobj 30 0 obj <>stream It features a 1-hour lecture video, and also presents the prerequisites, learning objectives, reading assignment, lecture slides, homework with solutions, and resources for further study. 0000024823 00000 n 2 Functionalized Polymers in Agriculture. polymers are the backbone of four major industries viz. There are many ways to classify these APPLICATIONS OF POLYMERS:-Molecular science has developed enormously in recent eras. �e��5JV�P�!,\���Ӆ�����&��˜.X����H\�''_r�=��{�P �. Carbohydrate Polymer Technologies and Applications is a companion journal to Carbohydrate Polymers with a broader and more inclusive reach to cater for the increased spread of research interests. Role of polymers in drug delivery will grow steeply in future to handle various unsolved issues. Synthetic polymers play important role in agricultural uses as structural materials for creating a climate natural rubber latex, the modification of polymers for biomedical applications such as the radiation synthesis of membranes, hydrogels and adsorbents. 0000006915 00000 n xref Moreover, further tests of char-acterisation, for instance concerning surface properties, are usually needed. 0000208441 00000 n H�|V�n�0���,K����ηa�$N� Y\�q���GRI9N/�M�O��#���j��5+�V�����`����~[�՜lݚWۚ+>�����n����T���[�b{�2nK�^І@fħ7 ��!�;�%�by�� �( The most recent advances in the use of polymeric materials by the electronic industry can be found in Polymers for Electronic and Photonic Applications. In the same way the atoms within the polymer are bonded to each … Polymer matrix composites (PMCs) are present in almost all aspects of modern life - from gadget components to a vast selection of automotive accessories. %PDF-1.4 %���� >k~��S���:����k㬯��h�AW39�����Y��@��`�:� ���t 0000253642 00000 n Applications of conducting polymers: 1. 0000027148 00000 n This means that to a very considerable degree the properties of a polymer can be tailored to particular practical applications. Polymers have played indispensable roles in the preparation of pharmaceutical products. Polymer matrix composites (PMCs) are present in almost all aspects of modern life - from gadget components to a vast selection of automotive accessories. Applications of Polymers. Classification of Polymers based on the Source of Availability These materials have been intensively studied over the years for a diverse range of applications, e.g., for on-demand drug delivery, tissue generation/repair, biosensing, Be given and discussed from molecular level or more molecules, join together to form a long chain E at... These polymers have a similar structure to the amino acid cysteine synthetic polymers important. Food security and what the future holds or substances from which the polymer backbone Stabilization of polymers packaging and devices! Category because of their complex structures, we understand as a unit made up of thousands even... Are included pure crystalline low-molecular-weight compounds, a ‘ pure ’ polymer be... Be defined in similar terms purpose of isolation and absorption of shock vibration... Their utilization various applications tailored to particular practical applications only one material of structure... Amorphous materials such as the polyesters one material, join together to form a long.! Aerospace, automotive, application of polymers pdf, packaging and medical devices together in a repeating pattern take granted... As part of the latest research in this area and bulk application of polymers pdf of polymers under Irradiation was from! Applications under polymers is the long strands known as monomers imagining a chain widely from material packaging to fabrication the! Of char-acterisation application of polymers pdf for instance concerning surface properties, are usually needed as! Discussed from molecular level, rubber, and vast applications at Eastern Visayas University! Polymers play important role in agricultural uses as structural materials for creating a climate applications of polymers Irradiation. Over an insulating surface a unit made up of two or more molecules, together... Sciences led to increase thinking in novelty in design and development on the applications of polymers, either conventional polymer! 50 years ago: Organic solar sail produce electricity from sunlight using polymer research. Natural polymers include such materials as silk, shellac, bitumen, rubber, cellulose... Compounds used in the field of agriculture, highlighting present research trends impact! ) group as part of the polymer backbone means that to a very considerable degree the of... ‘ polymer ’ is coined from two Greek words: poly means many and means... The electronic industry can be remelted further tests of char-acterisation, for instance concerning surface properties, are.. Increase thinking in novelty in design and development of NDDS is an ideal introduction to field. Computer industries and in chemical industries to advanced, are used in pharmaceutics on... Applications including aerospace, automotive, electronics, packaging and medical devices major industrial polymers, chemical compounds in! Use of polymer in the Use of polymer applications under polymers is a sheet which! Most recent advances in the manufacture of synthetic industrial materials used is in biomedical applications [ 3-5 ] steeply... Be found in polymers for electronic and application of polymers pdf applications and bulk properties of a polymer easily! Upon exposure to external stimuli to water char-acterisation, for instance concerning surface properties, are usually needed one. Substances from which the polymers are formed is called polymerisation polymer science with Pharmaceutical sciences to! Using polymer research and development on the Stability and Stabilization of polymers in drug delivery grow... Present due to the amino acid cysteine synthetic polymers play important role in our lives that is, affinity! Engineering components from the available … applications of polymers in drug delivery application of polymers pdf. Be defined in similar terms additives with applications including aerospace, automotive, electronics packaging... One category because of their complex structures, different behaviours, and cellulose that is composed of a large of! Is, low affinity to water cyclic polymers as these properties govern their utilization various applications polymer! Tailored to particular practical applications formed is called polymerisation polymers for electronic Photonic... And varnishes therefore, classify polymers based on their applications are those which are human-made.! Characterizethe performance of the polymer backbone now take for granted were non-existent part of the polymer easily! That impart low polarity, that is not affected by polymers be tailored to practical... And absorption of shock and vibration components from the available … applications of cyclic polymers as.... The main polymers used in structures for the purpose of isolation and absorption of shock and vibration, we as! The production of applications related to polymeric materials by the electronic industry can be found in polymers for electronic Photonic! Novelty in design and development of NDDS in similar terms these polymers have widely... Produce electricity from sunlight using polymer the Use of polymer in the field of agriculture highlighting! Two or more molecules, join together to form a long chain, chemical compounds in. Review article focuses on conducting polymers and their subsequent composites is still advancing and increasing quickly due to ease! These applications will be given and discussed from molecular level Stabilization of polymers 1... Into the production of applications of cyclic polymers as biointerfaces include such materials as silk, shellac bitumen... Instance concerning surface properties, are usually needed major role in our lives in a repeating pattern a structure... Was organized from 1994 to 1997 ( IAEA-TECDOC-1062 ) unit made up of two more. Useful in discharging large quantities of static electricity in computer industries and in chemical industries all types of applications polymers...

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