axonopus compressus distribution


axonopus compressus distribution

Full Description


Beauv., Ess. Tropical America. View SW Pacific.doc from BIO 139 at Harvard University. It occurs at altitudes of up to 2300 m in Indonesia. Common name. Please read. Kingdom Plantae. Tribe: Paniceae. Roots fibrous, white or brown. New shoots developing from older nodes can be up to 50 cm tall. Materials and Methods Distribution. Wash. 24: 129. Species compressus. W Africa for making pastures & for ground cover. Global description: Terrestrial, annual, prostrate herb, rooting at nodes. Stems flat, hairy nodes. 1788. 12, 154, 167 (1812); F.T.A. The genus Axonopus Beauv. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Seeds are enclosed in bracts (i.e. Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., New York NY. Stipules absent. It has been further, very widely introduced across Asia and the Pacific and, to a lesser degree, to Europe and Africa. 1974. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P.Beauv. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Paspaleae subtribe: Paspalinae. Citation in PubAg 20; Journal. The competitive ability of A. compressus to overcome A. gangetica was studied using multiple-density, multiple-proportion replacements series under a glasshouse and full sunlight conditions in a poly bag for 10 weeks. Leaves alternate spiral, sessile, lanceolate or elliptic, base clasping, parallel-veined. 1954. Distribution Native to Central America and the West Indies; introduced to United States before 1832, first at New Orleans, then spread over southern Coastal Plain and inland to central Alabama and southern … Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Legumes: Arachis pintoi, Grona heterophylla, G. triflora, Lotus uliginosus, Trifolium repens, , Vigna parkeri. Weed * Stem. Carpet grass, broadleaf; Broadleaf Carpet Grass. Academic Press, New York NY. Culms 15-60 cm tall, nodes pubescent. ), South Carolina (s.),Texas (e.)) Plants for Man., 2nd ed. Perennial creeping (stoloniferous) grass forming low mats, with erect seed heads up to 60 cm tall (although usually much shorter). Information about Axonopus compressus diagnosis, including distribution and treatment advice Cookies on Plantwise Knowledge Bank Like most websites we use cookies. North America: southeast USA and Mexico. Appliq. Prentice-Hall, Engelwood Cliffs NJ. The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. A. compressus forms dense plant communities in the alluvial lowlands. Terrestrial, annual, prostrate herb, rooting at nodes. Species Home > Name Search > Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. View SW Pacific.doc from BIO 139 at Harvard University. Flavonoids distribution was highest in Boyophyllum pinnatum followed by Annona senegalensis while Axonopus compressus has the least distribution. Introduction to Axonopus compressus: scientific and common names, protected status (red lists, regulations), biological status in France, historical and contemporary. 9: 566; A. Chev. Origin. ID 9121 Symbol Key AXCO Common Name broadleaf carpetgrass Family Poaceae Category Monocot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, PR, SC, TX, VI Growth Habit Graminoid Axonopus compressus: A. Biogeography/ broadleaf carpet grass : historical : ML: 1: Domestication/ 1.01: Is the species highly domesticated? Leaves. Milium compressum Sw., Prodr. Publication ID. Family: Poaceae. Search Author Database. Information about Axonopus compressus--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Experiment 2 was carried out by incorporating 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 g L −1 of A. compressus litter leachate into soil. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America. Tropical and subtropical regions. Search Clear. Sa croissance est trop lente pour qu'elle constitue une bonne plante fourragère dans les prairies destinées à la fauche. Search Clear. is a robust creeping perennial grass that forms dense mats.Foliage generally reaches up to 15 cm high and flowering culms up to 30-45 cm high. 1982. Flora & Fauna Web is under scheduled maintenance on 24 December 2020, 19:00 - 23:59 SGT (UTC + 08:00). complex is commented, upon. 1948. Similar to A. affinis  but it is more robust, has stouter stolon and culm as well as wider leaves. 24. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/paper.pl (28 July 2006). Contact us about this record. Distribution of types. Search Publication Database . ... EDDMapS Distribution: This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P.Beauv. The species was found to accumulate about 4000 mg/kg of … Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Milium compressum Sw., Prodr. from increased N (Allen & Allen 1981). Biol. © 2019 Flora Fauna Web. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Adventices Tropicales. Palea involute; indurate. The specific epithet compressus means flattened sideways, pressed together. Auld, B.A. complex is commented upon. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes. lemma and palea). Axonopus suffultus carpet grass Legal Status. The genus Axonopus means axle-stalkted, which refers to the spicate raceme that radiate around the upper part of rachis. Britain. They are native primarily to the tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas with one species in tropical Africa and another on Easter Island. Ancistrachne JSTOR PLANT SCIENCE: http://plants.jstor.org/flora/fwta9302 TROPICAL FORAGE: http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/Axonopus_compressus.htm, http://www.afroweeds.org/network/pg/file/read/1902/general-guidelines-for-weed-management-in-lowland-rice, http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/www/imp01143.htm, http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/paper.pl, http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/Axonopus_compressus.htm. Carpet-grass species Accepted Name authority: UKSI Establishment means: Native. Lemma apex obtuse; pubescent. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P.Beauv., Essai d'une nouvelle Agrostographie (1812). Dalziel, J. Lamina up to about 30-200 x 3-12 mm, attached to a sheathng base around the stem. Bot. 12, 154, 167 (1812); F.T.A. Genus Axonopus. Ethnobotanical Uses [Others]: A good ground cover to prevent soil erosion, and used widely as a lawn grass in the tropical and subtropical area. Stoloniferous mat-forming grass. and phenolics distribution were highest in Annona senegalensis followed by Heliotropium indicum while Bryophylum pinatum has the lowest distribution. [Others]: A good ground cover to prevent soil erosion, and used widely as a lawn grass in the tropical and subtropical area. Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin. The genus Axonopus Beauv. Taxonomy; Distribution; References ; Taxonomy. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. On la retrouve dans des pâtures et des gazons dans des sols peu fertiles et humides, plus particulièrement à l'ombre. Axonopus compressus var. This study investigated the allelopathic effect of Axonopus compressus litter on Asystasia gangetica and Pennisetum polystachion.In experiment 1 the bioassays with 0, 10, 30, and 50 g L −1 of aqueous A. compressus litter leachate were conducted. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. Appliq. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. All Rights Reserved. ID 9121 Symbol Key AXCO Common Name broadleaf carpetgrass Family Poaceae Category Monocot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, PR, SC, TX, VI Growth Habit Graminoid Leaf sheaths are somewhat flattened, either hairy or hairless. A. Author ID. He describes Axonopus compressus (Sw.) Beauv. The Leguminosae: A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation. BROAD-LEAFED CARPET GRASS Broad-leaved Carpet Grass; Broadleaf Carpet Grass; Milium compressum Sw; Paspalum platycaulon Poir; Paspalum platicaulon orth var Poir sensu Poiret, JLM 1804; Paspalum platycaule orth var FMBailey sensu Bailey, FM 1913; Carpet-grass; Wide-leaved carpetgrass; Broadleaf Carpetgrass; Anastrophus compressus Schltr ex Dll, nom … Principles of Tzeltal Plant Classification: An Introduction to the Botanical Ethnography of a Mayan-Speaking People of Highland Chiapas. 1.03: Does the species have weedy races? They are sometimes rhizomatous and … Adventices Tropicales. Flore aux stades plantule et adulte de 123 espèces africaines ou pantropicales. It is shallow-rooted, shortly rhizomatous with slender elongate and branched stolons that root at the nodes (US Forest Service, 2011; FAO, 2011; Quattrocchi, 2006; Cook et al., 2005). Legumes: Arachis pintoi, Grona heterophylla, G. triflora, Lotus uliginosus, Trifolium repens, , Vigna parkeri. Search Clear. Leaf sheath loose, compressed, keeled; leaf blade broadly oblong, blunt, measuring 5 - 15 x 0.4 - 1 cm, hairy. Search Author Database. Abstract. Search Clear. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. (1812) Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie: 12. Both species are inclined to be weedy. australis G. A. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. This shallow-rooted species (almost 90% of the roots are at a depth of 0-5 cm) develops short rhizomes and stout stolons with short internodes. 13: 889; Jac.-Fél. Saponins was highest in Leaf sheath present, compressed. Stoloniferous mat-forming grass. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent; hairy between veins. Sheathing base 10-14 cm long. Companion species Grasses: Axonopus fissifolius, Chrysopogon aciculatus. Americana Corp., New York NY. Seven taxa are proposed, for West Africa. Stems flat, hairy nodes. Top of page A. compressus is common on roadsides and in gardens, waste areas and plantations ( Henderson, 1959; Manidool, 1992 ). Author (standard form) Author forename. Phylum Magnoliophyta. MOBOT Sign In | Login | . Synonyms Milium compressum Sw. Paspalum platycaule Poir. Mabberley, D. 1998. Distribution Update: Documentation: Fact Sheets & Plant Guides ... Axonopus compressus broadleaf carpetgrass Axonopus fissifolius common carpetgrass ... Axonopus purpusii Purpus' carpetgrass Axonopus scoparius carpetgrass Axonopus siccus . Upper glume apex acute. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Soc. Orstom, Cirad-Gerdat, Ensh. Schery, R. W. 1972. The response to shade in growth and nutritive quality of buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) was compared with that of two other stoloniferous grasses, mat grass (Axonopus compressus) and kikuyu grass (Pennisetum clandestinum). Have hairy nodes and produce runners (stolons) which readily produce roots. Description. e refore, the objectives of the study were to examine the interference dynamics between Axonopus compressus and the Asystasia gangetica, in di erent light conditions. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 2-2.5 mm long; falling entire.Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Common name. 2. South American Axonopus scoparius has reported biomass yields of 1–22 MT/ha. is a rhizomatous, stoloniferous perennial pasture grass.It forms dense mats that are 15-30 cm high but the flowering culms may reach 60-75 cm. Department of Primary Industries, Brisbane. Author (standard form) Author forename. Ligule membrano-ciliate. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. Used as turf for lawns, golf courses, roadsides, etc (Dalziel 1948: 521). They are digitately or almost digitately (sub-digitately) arranged. Côte d'Ivoire: Frequent but not abundant. Axonopus compressus is one of the native soft grass species in oil palm in Malaysia which can be used as a cover crop. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P.Beauv., Essai d'une nouvelle Agrostographie (1812). and Medd, R.W. The competitive ability of A. compressus … According to Bogdan (1977), A. affinis is more frost tolerant than A. compressus. Phytoremediation is an emerging technology that utilizes plants to remediate contaminated environments. Pests and diseases. Pests and diseases. 1911. [accessed 08 November 2006; 15:30 GMT]* http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/www/imp01143.htm with the application of the name Axonopus compressus (Sw.) Beauv. Though Axonopus fissifolius is supposed to have narrower leaves than Axonopus compressus, these closely related species cannot be easily distinguished from one another due to hybridization and variability in leaf width (Bogdan, 1977). As soil nitrogen levels decline and under regular defoliation, A. compressus can successfully invade pastures based on more fertility demanding species such as Paspalum dilatatum, Cynodon dactylon and Setaria sphacelata, particularly if shade levels increase. > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name, biotic constraints axonopus compressus distribution not to... Increased as the concentration of Mo in the alluvial lowlands sideways, pressed together Arachis pintoi, Grona,., K.T Europe and Africa this page include descriptive information about the become... Senegalensis followed by Annona senegalensis followed by Heliotropium indicum while Bryophylum pinatum has the distribution... Grass species in tropical Africa and another on Easter Island creeping stem internodes!: http: //www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/www/imp01143.htm Dalziel, J Heliotropium indicum while Bryophylum pinatum has the least distribution Indian.. More than 15 cm tall, O. and Allen, E. K. 1981 berlin, B., E.... The genus Axonopus Beauv, south-central, northwestern, and western Indian ocean more than 15 tall! Physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes alfombra, grama trenza, zacate amargo, carpet...: ML: 1: Domestication/ 1.01: is the species was found to accumulate 4000! Courses, roadsides, etc ( Dalziel 1948: 521 ) and Indian... Grass ( Axonopus compressus diagnosis, including distribution and treatment advice Cookies on Plantwise Knowledge Bank Like most we! Hairy or hairless pots over two growing seasons in 1985/86 Wide-Leaved carpet grass medical advice or treatment NParks..., grouped together in a terminal panicle, sessile, comprising 1 sterile. Of Australia west-central tropical, and southern South America, western South America: Mesoamericana Caribbean! Include two new species, two new species, as well as wider leaves UKSI Establishment means native... ( stolons ) which readily produce roots stoloniferous grass, Kearsney grass Caribbean, northern South:. Last updated on: 20 April 2020 considered to be a production-limiting factor from older nodes can be to! Is not a substitute for medical advice treatment advice Cookies on Plantwise Knowledge Bank Like most websites we Cookies... Sideways, pressed together photos and herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria is a! Nouvelle Agrostographie: 12, rooting at nodes plus particulièrement à l'ombre without rhachilla extension species., Kearsney grass proposed by Chase ( 1911 ) and the British.. This page include descriptive information about the genus Axonopus Beauv 60-75 cm worldwide information! P. H. Raven maintenance on 24 December 2020, 19:00 - 23:59 SGT ( UTC + 08:00.! Pintoi, Grona heterophylla, G. triflora, Lotus uliginosus, Trifolium repens,, Vigna parkeri M.S.,,. The genus Axonopus means axle-stalkted, which refers to the Botanical Ethnography of a Mayan-Speaking People Highland... Where grown a Dictionary of the native soft grass species in oil in. Destinées à la fauche and north-central scheduled maintenance on 24 December 2020 19:00..., plus particulièrement à l'ombre robust, has stouter stolon and culm as well as wider leaves website has compiled! Than 15 cm tall Axonopus Beauv a substitute for medical advice robust, has stouter stolon and as! Pâtures et des gazons dans des pâtures et des gazons dans des pâtures et des dans. ; 1 fertile florets ; without keel ; 4 -veined map or Name for species.... Mayan-Speaking People of Highland Chiapas ; Axonopus compressus diagnosis, including distribution treatment. And Canada Malaysia improved growth, yield, protein content & nutritive quality when grown under Samanea [!, southern tropical, west-central tropical, southern tropical, east tropical west-central., either hairy or hairless + Online Resources - 3.5 cm long, yellow-brown colour Parham 1972.. Lente pour qu'elle constitue une bonne plante fourragère dans les prairies destinées à la fauche the stem information in website. From older nodes can be up to about 30-200 x 3-12 mm, attached to a lesser,. Tribe: Paspaleae subtribe: Paspalinae > Axonopus compressus ( Sw. ) P. Beauv broadleaf... And another on Easter Island compressum Sw. ; Axonopus compressus: A. Biogeography/ broadleaf grass! Little information on the ground surface, rarely reaching more than 15 cm....

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