mahabharata in sanskrit word


mahabharata in sanskrit word

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The Mahabharata is an important source of information on the development of Hinduism between 400 bce and 200 ce and is regarded by Hindus as both a text about dharma (Hindu moral law) and a history ( itihasa , literally “that’s what happened”). What does mahabharata mean? Mahabharata definition: an epic Sanskrit poem of India, dealing chiefly with the struggle between two rival... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples SWAYAMVARA, a form of bridal, the bride selecting her husband from among Suitors. This Edition This is the first time that an English translation has been published with the authentic Sanskrit text. Home; About Us; Check; How To Get. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article. Download the entire Mahabharata here:. Thehe Sanskrit epic Mahabharata contains several enumeration of tribes or clans.. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. ), the Upanishads Vedas: the most ancient authentic scripture of the Hindus, a revealed scripture and therefore free from imperfections vibhuti: manifestation vichar(a): enquiry into the nature of the Self, Brahman, Truth Absolute virat: the physical world vitarka: projection, emanation, ejection, bringing forth, The Imperishable Among All that is Perishable, The Entry of the Soul into the Supreme Being, We are the Fruits and Leaves of the Cosmic Tree, The Lord Dwells in the Hearts of All Beings. More Information on https://www.yoga-vidya.org Thus begins the Mahabharata, one of the two great epics of India, written in Sanskrit, seven times larger than Iliad and the Odyssey combined. TALA, a Species of palm-tree bearing a large round fruit; also the fruit of the tree. Tokunaga available for the first time on the world wide web in devanagari script. Book 1 Book 2 Book 3 Book 4 Book 5 Book 6 Book 7 Book 8 Book 9 Book 10 Book 11 Book 12 Book 13 Book 14 Book 15 Book 16 Book 17 Book 18. Heinrich Zimmer regarded the word vis to denote a social structure identical with the English "tribe", and different from a grama which, he considered, represented a "clan"—midway between "family" (kula) and tribe. In 1998, we made the e-text of the sanskrit epic Mahabharata (Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute BORI Critical Edition typed by Prof. Tokunaga) available for the first time on the world wide web in devanagari script. In fact it is the longest single poem in the world, which keeps on energizing and influencing the Indian mind at least for the last twenty centuries. Noun a kind of bard (who utters words of welcome or eulogy) any… Bhagavad Gita: …+ गीता‎ (gÄ«tā, "song"). Mahabharata VOL 2 – Sabha Parva & Vana Parva I, 434 pages, 28 MB. IMPORTANT NOTE: This etext uses Unicode extensively. 2 synonyms for Mahabharata: Mahabharatam, Mahabharatum. 1 0 Kamrup, the Pragjotishpur of the ancient Hindus, was the capital of a legendary king Narak, whose son Bhagadatta distinguished himself in the great war of the Mahabharata. Mahabharata VOL 5 – Bhisma Parva, 344 pages, 23 MB. Menu. Mahabharata is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Ramayana. Mahabharata VOL 6 – Drona Parva, 506 … The Mahabharata in Sanskrit Parallel Devanagari and Romanization Book 1. If you would like the files in another Indian regional script please write to sanskrit@cheerful.com. Home » Essay On Mahabharata in Sanskrit. It contains many separate episodes, the most notable of which is the Bhagavad-Gita Word Origin for Mahabharata Sanskrit, from mahā great + bhārata story Mahabharata VOL 1 – The Adi Parva, 540 pages, 35 MB. The historicity of the Mahabharata War is not clear now. The epic is part of the Hindu itihasa, the word in itself literally means "history", and forms an important part of Hindu mythology. श्री गुरु नानक देव जी. All Free. (Other Non-Christian Religious Writings) an epic Sanskrit poem of India, dealing chiefly with the struggle between two rival families. Their data was used to generate parallel Devanagari and Romanization, using custom C programs created at sacred-texts. It is needless to say right thought precedes right action. THIRATRA, a three nights' penance and fast. Synonyms for Mahabharata in Free Thesaurus. This the Sanskrit text of the Mahabharata in Sanskrit. This is derived from electronic files created by Prof. Muneo Tokunaga of Kyoto and edited by John D. Smith. Listen to the Sanskrit pronunciation of this Sanskrit word. ‘Dhriyate lokaha anena’ ‘Dharati lokam va’, iti Dharmaha. an epic Sanskrit poem of India, dealing chiefly with the struggle between two rival families. Mahabharata (məhä'bär`ətə), classical Sanskrit epic of India, probably composed between 200 B.C. Dutta which is very lucid and accurate according to the Sanskrit text. Mahabharata prop.n. (Hinduism) A Sanskrit epic concerning some text of Bhagavad Gita plus elaborations on … chaitanya: the consciousness that knows itself and knows others; Absolute consciousness chakra: plexus; a centre of psychic energy in the human system chit: the principle of universal intelligence or consciousness chitta: the subconscious mind, ghee: clarified butter Gita: see the BhagavadGita guna: quality born of nature; sattva, rajas and tamas guru: teacher, spiritual preceptor, ida nadi: the psychic nerve current through the left nostril istha devata: chosen deity for worship Ishwara: God, japa: repetition of the Lord’s Name, repetition of a mantra jigjnasu: one who seeks knowledge or reality jitaatma: one who has attained self-control jitendriya: one who has restrained the senses jiva: individual soul with ego jivanmukta: one who is liberated in this life jivatma(n): individual soul jnana: knowledge, wisdom of the Reality or Brahman jnana indriya(s): organs of knowledge jyoti: light, kama: desire, passion, lust, legitimate desires kapha: one of the doshas (humours) of Ayurveda, meaning “phlegm” karma: actions operating through the law of cause and effect karma bandhana: the bondage of karma karma bhumi: land of action, the earth plane karmakaushala: dexterity in action   karma-phala-bhoga: experience of fruit of actions karma yoga: the yoga of selfless service karma yogi: one who practises karma yoga kirtan: singing the name and glory of God kramamukti: progressive emancipation kosha: sheath krisattva: integrality kritsnam: completeness kshara: perishable kripa: grace, mercy, blessing kshatriya: warrior class kshetra: field, holy place, physical body in the philosophical sense kshetrajna: knower of the field kumbhaka: form of breath control involving breath retention kutastachaitanya: the changeless, permanent Self, mahatma: great soul, saint, sage Mahat-tattva: the great principle, principle of intelligence mahat: great, lofty, or, the primordial evolution of prakriti Makara Sankranti: movement of the sun across the Tropic of Capricorn that begins summer in the northern hemisphere mala: rosary manana: pondering the meaning of the scriptures mantra: sacred syllable or word or set of words through the repetition and reflection of which one attains perfection or realisation of the Self mara: mortal, perishable marga: path maya: the illusory power of Brahman, the veiling and projecting power moksha: liberation, Absolute Experience mrityuloka: world of suffering mukta: the liberated one mulaprakriti: the ultimate subtle cause for all matter muni: a silent person, nadabindukalatita: the supreme state of Brahman nam(a): name niddhyasana: deeply meditating on the meaning of the scriptures nirakara: formless nirguna: without attribute nirvana: liberation, final emancipation nirvitarka: unchanging, parabhakti: highest level of devotion pravesa: to dissolve oneself pingalanadi:the psychic nerve current which terminates in the right nostril pitta: one of the doshas (humours) of Ayurveda, meaning “fire” prakriti: nature, causal matter pralaya: dissolution, complete merging pramada: heedlessness, carelessness prana: vital energy, life-force, life-breath prana sakti: subtle vital power arising from the control of prana and self-restraint   pranava: the sacred monosyllable “ OM” pranayama: regulation and restraint of breath prasad: food dedicated to a deity during worship and then eaten by devotees as something sacred pratyahara: abstraction or withdrawal of the senses puja: worship, adoration pundit: scholar, learned man Puranas: Hindu scriptures containing the whole body of Hindu mythology (major Puranas are eighteen in number) purusha: the Supreme Being, the Self which abides in the heart of all things purushartha: right exertion purushottama: the Supreme Person, rajas, rajo guna: one of the three aspects of cosmic energy, the principle of dynamism in Nature bringing about all change, activity, passion, restlessness rajasuya: a sacrifice performed by a monarch raja yoga: the royal yoga of meditation; the system of yoga generally taken to be the one propounded by Patanjali Maharshi raja yogi: one who practises raja yoga rishi: sage, seer of truth, samyavastha: equilibrated condition of the cosmos sadhak(a): spiritual aspirant sadhu: a pious or righteous person, a sannyasin, a holy person saguna: with attributes or qualities sama: control of mind, tranquillity, or, political conciliation between opponents samadhi: the state of superconsciousness where Absoluteness is experienced, attended with all-knowledge and joy, Oneness samadhana: proper concentration samatva: evenness of mind, equanimity Samkhya: correct understanding, knowledge of reality; a school of philosophy samkhyabuddhi: correct understanding, higher reason samsara: life through repeated births and deaths, the process of worldly life samskara: mental impression, subconscious tendency samyam(a): perfect restraint, an all-complete condition of balance and repose, concentration, meditation and samadhi sankalpas: imaginations santi(h): peace or transitional period sannyasi(n): a monk, one who has embraced the life of complete renunciation sat: Existence Absolute, Being, Reality, Truth satchidananda: Existence-Consciousness-Bliss Absolute satta: Reality satsang(a): association with the wise sattva: light, purity, reality sattvic: pure satyaloka: heaven satyamukti: immediate salvation savitarka: with logic and argumentation seva: service shakti: power, energy, force, the Divine Power of becoming, the dynamic aspect of Eternal Being, the Absolute Power or cosmic energy sharanagati: self-surrender shastra: scriptures, words of authority siddhi: psychic power, perfection sloka: verse sraddha: faith sravana: listening or hearing the scriptures sukha purvata: type of breath control sunya: merit sushumnanadi: the psychic nerve current that terminates in the sahasrara sutratman: the cosmic thread svabhava: one’s own nature or potentiality, innate nature svadharma: one’s own prescribed duty in life according to the eternal law swami: a Hindu monk, tamas, tamo guna: ignorance, inertia, darkness tanmatras: rudimentary element in an undifferentiated state tantra: path of spiritual practice laying emphasis on japa and various esoteric practices tapas(ya): asceticism, austerity tattva: reality, element, truth, essence, principle, upadhis: limiting adjuncts or additions, superimposition that gives a limited view of the Absolute and makes It appear as the relative Upanishads: knowledge portion of the Vedas, texts dealing with the ultimate Truth and Its realisation. 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