roles of school supervisors and inspectors


roles of school supervisors and inspectors

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Requirements for inspectors, supervisors and slaughtermen Individuals assuming these roles must be educated and have experience in halal slaughtering practices. Therefore they designate the supervisor as a leader who has possession of the following two qualities: 1. Roles played by the inspector of education in Morocco The main roles played by the inspector are those of the controller and evaluator, followed by planner and educator roles. The supervision of the management of the educational institution includes the following aspects with it: a. Co-operation of teachers and community members. The importance of the job records/documentation cannot be over-emphasized. It is therefore, more useful and helpful in every respect when compared to schools without supervision. Find out what instructional supervision is, the requirements to pursue the field, and programs that could prepare you for these positions. Instructional Supervision. The supervisor ensures that teachers are informed of both praise and criticism of their work and that useful support and assistance are available to each … The purpose of professional supervision gives the opportunity for employer and worker to come together to reflect on work practise and reflect and evaluate their work through discussion, report and observation. Plagiarism Prevention 4. He also gives advice to the assistant and the management of schools. In the process of supervision, the managers or supervisors face certain problems which are described below. endstream endobj 278 0 obj <>stream 289 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<42AEB8A574AC4A4C8726327F979405D2><63AB45A65FD7164DAB141AAB71AAE392>]/Index[272 30]/Info 271 0 R/Length 85/Prev 84532/Root 273 0 R/Size 302/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream As both supervision and inspection are meant for the same purpose and inspection covers almost all the areas of supervision there is no necessity of bringing difference between supervision and inspection. �P;���8��f�݄C��p�9ǝ��jf,c�������쨩�:��J�pz:��X8;�P�O�:KZ_G�=n�cۇ�u�;py�=x�u���:G�s�>[�2���7�����9��;�������MgS���Hw�V�}��㱗6�o2t��gb���7޶�Ho+�D��N�b�2��}��znu���s�E�O�LG�E�4�� The ability to help others, contribute to this vision and to perceive and to act in accordance with it. f. Teachers lesson diaries and scheme of work. Educational Supervision and School Inspection (PDE – 116) h�b```�"_``��0p\``d`�W����=�$��B{���A��@� CJ4p4�v0h4`�!ƫ;�4?�2 `T�-�0�O�9�p��1��K Important function of supervisor is moving group towards performance, attaining of predefined tasks and goals. H��T]O�0}ϯ���4;���΄�h�4�@�������['ڠ���w��PZ6V����9�\�xT&�Ů[����������{��yZ��p��F�/�;'3k���Ξ�ߏ �_�j�� -coZ}[o�n�n��|4C��g The Inspector is (he chief link between the department of education and the schools under his jurisdiction. Inadequate number of school inspectors. First, there are university-based supervisors of undergraduate students in teacher education programs who supervise the activities of novice teachers. However, supervision in a school system implies the process of ensuring that policies, principles, rules, regulations and methods prescribed for purposes of implementing and achieving the objectives for education 2��'q�v]vX�;�8�}�X�:��A1���T{�X�.g��ˠ�o�%�Ơx��Q|8�#�X���$ �KS���/�2ϴ� Meaning and Scope of Supervision in Education! Role of Mediator or Linking Pin: The role of the teacher was to impart basic truths to children, whereas the role of the supervisor was to serve as the “inspector” to ensure the curriculum had been followed and essential skills had been learned (Ebmeier & Nicklaus, 1999). The first school inspection/supervision originated from France under Napoleon’s regime at the end of … The provision of Education code of 1882 was the earliest attempt to appoint government inspectors for the purpose of school supervision. endstream endobj 276 0 obj <>stream Metalfe Sunter was appointed as “Her Majesty’s Inspector of schools for the The supervisor has not only to supervise but also guide the headmaster and teachers in their efforts for ensuring qualitative improvement of education. Since supervision is an activity that is part of so many different roles, a few distinctions are in order. They also perform the roles of supervision of the implementation of the National Policy on Education in the schools.Supervision is a process which strives to stimulate others . 2. �'P����&iY*�P�%�2P�@��@!B��#o�H��6ɜ]r��3lDža-�=R�T[���^�5���(�V�����]y��=]�k�7ȼ@�r�,��%'��m1�����oBX ukj0�9�p�=�3q�pI�k�} ~b{2�B8JE��F��lX������Ҥ�~ȔA����"*i�lPs�R:��6=�+��Eπ���H�0y�4.��+n��M�[���{:�\�ᄏ-�q� �T� 6��z�C D ƵeS:��S���L����`�-{�,������ҝ�#a���Vz��;�f�f�?����JU͢{�h-�Fo�!�#X���_}yC����Gm׵��.����Rgd��c�h:g�Sƽu����>r��G{��QY!�Ao��r2|�Q�>���W��GG��p�iJbn�W�1 � However, one common by-product of decentralization is an increased expectation that Principal rather than inspectors will play this role. 9h]�}b�8ed�_�w��f�P\7���I�f�iO�5l�wO�gW�V�Ҙ���C�\�)���o77Ε��i8SJ�a���}����6Qv6�Y���S��}�si>����f^ Principles of Good Practice - Teachers and Supervisors of Teachers View this PGP as a PDF file. Other professional personnel involved in supervisory roles include cluster coor… They also lead teachers in developing and implementing an effective plan of instrution. H��TMo�0��W�( �*�I��@�d@���T���N�-��4i�?�r�$Ȇ]�I���H*���g�$>�DdR%"��ح�rb+�u�t��5�tb)CsiE��)���>0�i�{��'1��_�Qm+X0C���/]e established school boards and appointed inspectors to supervise its schools before 1882 (Fajana, 1978:44). h�bbd``b`�$[A�=�`� b� � ��d�0q{A,aa"��+ ��@�q��e`bd�d100�F�g�� � � , Image Guidelines 5. b. Remedial instruction . 2. So, supervision means seeing the activities of employees from over and above. �����(|$\�a���ڏ�)����}�h�`��q�h�0.U��6�nr0� �w4��v4�>�$�a��},��h�>�h��� %%EOF “In the modern educational system, the term supervision has got a very significant position from the point of view of the role played by it. They must assure they use an extremely sharp knife and sharpen it often enough to keep it sharp. The ability of the headmaster to run the school or institution. He has the power of supervising the work of the Sub-Inspector of schools. H��S�n�0��[�$��c�=�����X��b��gV�$MR���ٙ��e��q�;Hy'�����7O�d�„�6���ڝ����,^���\n�0�������J���7�� W��pF�s��ɒ��IYTw��. Supervision in school therefore is a vital process and combination of activities which is concerned with the teaching and improvement of the teaching in the school framework. exhaustive study of relevant literature on problems of school inspection in Nigeria and interviews of schools inspectors, school principals , teachers and even parents. Careers in educational supervision include being a principal and could involve keeping a school running on a day-to-day basis. H�\�ۊ� ��}��l/�9�� ��B.��f��N��FŘ���z(]XA���_�鵽�Zy��Έ=JK��Y�@�qT��H%�#J���%4��u�8�z0�1�!9{���"M�[BߜD����k��-�����CM�����|B�I�ke�+����s�U��lF����#V�� �����_�,���7w�U��(�EX��N\f.#W���u�:�>�>�!�!�1�1�)�)�9�9{8��$�ٿX���q��c�J��G��Tq�_ uք From this discussion the term inspection has got priority in supervision which was not stressed on in earlier days because the degree of success of any supervisory activity or programme depends upon the degree of inspection done by the inspecting officials. Researchers and Educationists previously agreed upon the fact that supervision is primarily concerned for the purpose of improving instruction. endstream endobj 277 0 obj <>stream To be a teacher in Finland is not an easy task, as it is in other countries. It has been clearly visualized that the supervision seeks to be democratic in nature out and out which demands constant efforts on the part of inspecting officers. Instructional leadership is one of the most important roles of supervisors. Inspectors also document the construction process and decision made along the way, serving to document the process. This will be determined by the very concept, supervision. e. The written work of students and its correction. Innovations in teaching . Content Filtrations 6. The academic leadership role of the school head includes supervision. A synthesis of the data obtained from the various sources revealed the following problems: 1. At a second level, the inspector's activity covers both the roles of trainer, pedagogue, coach and a role … ��E8��]�P0Q*H4��3��z:~;�4]͈��c�����5n ��z�s�U�p+s�媃[!5��=�=x��n:��5����T w?̮���Oa�7]���;�����A��C�q#���Z6ଦ����0XJ4��8�1�Yz)���%N�'Ni#Σ���~/{�����I�v�g��05�3�c�����'!���h���V`�+�H0^@�$�?�/�hK��q^@��%�;�YԔ"fG��g>���z��5���mȢ TOS 7. Disclaimer 9. A clear perspective of the school’s goals and awareness of its resources and qualities and another is. Supervisors‟ declaration: This Project has been submitted with our approval as University supervisors. >^���4���h��I�iS�hZ5��Ny-�ʌG�#.���v�Ѽϣ�9��쒆�n0~cE�D2I�Fj��%2���6U�8��D:�'i��$�5��؋�����cR�9� b. For this supervision includes the following things in its jurisdiction: d. Conducting seminars, conferences, meetings and workshops to discuss about problems and their solution. task or assessment of fault-finding and fact-finding in many job settings The supervisor is not and should not be the overseer or prescriber but rather the guide, facilitator, or collaborator (Sullivan and Glanz 2009). In other to enhance instruction, the role of the supervisors should be supportive, assisting, explanative, encouraging, guiding, advisory, improving and sharing rather directing. It is the duty of the school head to see to the day to day running of the school. Report a Violation, Top 5 Types of Supervision Available in Education, Difference between Educational Administration and Supervision in India, Educational Planning in India: Meaning and Definitions and Everything Else. It is therefore, more useful and helpful in every respect when compared to schools without supervision. ABSTRACT: School inspection or, and school supervision in our secondary schools is the same throughout the country, Nigeria, with the main focus on transformation of school inspection/monitoring/ supervision in Ogun State. The instrument for collecting the study data was a close ended questionnaire given to two groups of respondents which were the teachers and educational inspectors, the responses were collated and presented in a table form with the aid of statistics. Next, a principal or assistant principal may be said to conduct general supervision–as distinct from the more specific, subject-matter supervision conducted by a high school department chair. d. Duties and responsibilities rendered by the teachers as the members of different sub-committees for different programmes. According to Hoyle and Wallace (200 5), school inspection has main two functions which are to monitor and ensure the quality of education in the society, secondly, ensure the implementation of national goals and objectives through external evaluation as the �N���c�-P�w̫��D� B��(O{�t�Y4���("�"��g,��Dh����`'��\|��ˋ�ۻ����fF��ԁ�t(�����y\���.��-{����!�[^�LN�s�V��1l�`��C� Ԣ��Ú����+��*��P���d��_ʲ�L]dj����P�X'��v}��~��jB틹sb������ڐ��kQ���x �{bJF�m�yS�M����� f. Achievements and failures of the school. Keeping this in view Neagly and Evans have strongly viewed that, “Modem supervision in school is positive democratic action aimed at the improvement of classroom instruction through the continued growth of all concerned – the educed, the teacher, the supervisor, the administrator and the parents of others interested lay person.”. Rev. The supervisor ensures that faculty members new to the school receive orientation and support sufficient for them to work effectively and with confidence that they are carrying out the educational mission, policies, and procedures of the school. The supervisor has to supervise all the records and registers of an educational institution or school by examining the following type of records: The school environment has a profound role bringing over an improvement of educational process. The introduction of external evaluation in form of school inspection by national governments is an old system of monitoring educational quality in the world’s education system. For this the supervisor has to supervise the following aspects of the school environment: b. The supervisor supervises the developmental activities of the school in the following heads: a. Justification of developmental activities, proposals for extension of the school building. For this supervision includes the following things in its jurisdiction: a. ?�� #�WVĨN�g��$m���{f�(t�{�xc���b�Y2k5ZMqꇧ���VlՓ�d*]6���� ��fL*-����%��´e�*�Q��[x����=$�Š���FS�r�&�N�IHG�$s)��;J"� ���f��rƪ �Ŝ��w�2Lk� ȏ. The inspector also works with the project engineer to address changes required on the plans due to errors or unforeseen circumstances. Inspections and evaluations are systematic and independent assessments of the design, implementation, and/or results of an Agency’s operations, ... • Managerial skills for supervisors, team leaders, and lead inspectors. Q�;G��f#��p����Ss4����?���m�"��P���xcW�����n�䧶��y�f���n�݄���8�t�8Во��_VhX�m��;��@g`��A�l����k�/���֟g/����:��������Nju�#��[� �)7; The extent to which school-level administrators regard instructional supervision as part of their responsibility varies across countries. The supervisor supervises the organisation of various co- curricular activities keeping in view their need and importance. Supervision demands that an Inspector should interval with the members of the teaching staff in order to improve the quality of learning of students. Prohibited Content 3. c. Construction of the new building and its progress. The supervisory role is one of the functions of a school operation that has been and continues to be a very challenging aspect of administration in secondary schools. The department of education also delegates certain powers to be performed by the Inspector. Students are also assisted individually. h��Wmo�6�+��a�wY@Q �vh�5� ��M����w.��������.���aZ�(R�=�)=g�I/���LjOń̈́�0� �-A�L Dr. Charles M. Magoma Date Lecturer, Department of Educational Management, Policy and Curriculum Studies, ... of the study was to establish the extent to which school inspectors‟ role has effective The dictionary of education defines supervision as “all efforts of designed schools towards providing leadership to teachers and other educational workers in the improvement of instruction ; involves the stimulation of professional growth and development of teachers, the selection and revision of educational objectives, materials on instruction and methods of teaching and the evaluation of instruction.” Here the word “supervision” means to guide and stimulate the activities of teachers with a view to improve them, i.e., teaching as well as instruction and promoting professional growth. Copyright 10. endstream endobj 279 0 obj <>stream It must Supervisors are appointed in establishments as the inspectors. administrative and academic leadership. Moreover, there is no official programme for novice teachers, which means that teachers will engage with no supervisors, inspectors, tutors or mentors (Richardson, 2013). So it is mainly concerned with “development of teachers and pupils.”. Because they are the real supervisors of the educational programme. C-3. This new concept is based on the belief that inspection and supervision are a co-operative enterprise in which both the teacher and inspecting officers have to participate actively. Supervision is a quasi-managerial function. What Is Educational Supervision? ACADEMIC ASPECT: INSPECTION SUPERVISION INTRODUCTION By virtue of his position the headmaster or the principal of a school is the functionary of its destiny. supervision as “what school personnel does with adults and things for the purpose of maintaining or changing the operations of the school in order to directly influence the attainment of the major instructional goals of the school. * Significance of Administration and Supervision * Types of School Administration and Supervision * Management Functions * Administration and Supervision in Philippine Setting 3. Administration and Supervision in Education 1. Relationship between the head of the institution and his staff, between staff and students, f. Goodwill of the self-government formed by students, j. Hygienic conditions of the toilet, canteen and water supply, k. Relationship of the head of the institution or school with the community members. As a result of which teachers may be better able to stimulate and guide the continued growth of every pupil towards the most intelligent participation in modern democratic society. Difficulties faced and the steps taken by the headmaster to wipe out the difficulties, and. endstream endobj 280 0 obj <>stream The supervisory behavior of school inspectors have been a major challenge to the achievement of this goal. According to Adams and Dickey, “Supervision is a planned programme for the improvement.” It exists in their opinion for one reason only to improve teaching and learning. It is not concerned merely with improvement of teachers as it was conceived in the previous days, when the supervisory activities were directive and prescriptive. Role of Supervisor: Supervisor plays two important roles: 1. The word supervision is the combination of two words, i.e., supervision where super means over and above and vision means seeing. They also perform the roles of supervision of the implementation of the National Policy on Education in the schools.Supervision is a process which strives to stimulate others . ?3�L�s��lgr,��ƒ���+R:|����N��^� Content Guidelines 2. He distributes grants of the state and attends various meetings within his jurisdiction. Method of teaching employed for different subjects. The supervisor has not only to supervise but also guide the headmaster and teachers in their efforts for ensuring qualitative improvement of education. 9 Supervision and Inspection After reading this chapter, you will be conversant with: Educational Supervision Educational Inspection Planning Educational Supervision Introduction In modern educational thought, supervision is a phase of … - Selection from Educational Administration and Management [Book] Supporting this Barr and Burton have rightly stated that, “No doubt the aim of supervision is the improvement of teaching but this can be facilitated through the development of the teacher, the growth of the pupil and the improvement of the teaching-learning process as a whole. Supervisors lead other teachers in instruction to make them as effective as possible. c. Co-operation, co-ordination and responsibility between teachers and headmaster in organizing any programme. They have to stimulate co-ordinate, guide for continued growth of the teacher in a school, both individually and collectively in better understanding and more effective performances of all teaching activities. Adenike Olayinka Kolawole 0 0 Department Of Educational Foundations & Management, Faculty Of Education, Ekiti State University , Ado-Ekiti , Nigeria The study investigated the instructional supervisory roles of secondary school principals and inspectors of the ministry of education in Lagos state.A total of 20 principals and 20 inspectors were randomly selected. The History of supervision/inspections roles of Supervisors for improving educational programme which helps teachers to achieve both qualitative and quantitative instructional delivery from the foregoing, it could easily be deduced that supervision is an indispensable variable in the teaching learning process as well as the overall school and educational objectives. growth in number of supervisor/inspection officers (Grauwe, 2007). With his administrative powers, the Inspector visits schools and supervises whether the school laws and regulations arc properly followed. H�|SMo�0��W�4HC�H�-�@Q����ݒ�S�(z�vȖ�ö�ؿI�N��������ae�1����=(�3��u�!MmbhG������I��T�(ꢕʉ:�'RY#�aײ��*p%U,�� �w���P��0'@#U&8�^�2����j�V�(�m�e5�f�0�5�3-��7@vMʙ�a װ�$E�Wdu��a�G�s��� �:�>�ɂRS�K���ń��+;T@]�>R��;t���DJ Due to the enhancement of its importance in the present educational system its prime purpose has been changed now. The authors investigated the supervisory practices, interpersonal relationship between supervising So it is now clear that the modern concept of supervision centres round the basic concept of instructional improvement through leadership and co-operation of all the agencies concerned. In the modern educational system expansion of education relies on increasing number of educational institutions, teachers and students as well as providing all sort of facilities which are essential for proper progress of education. ��)�o;03ق� 30ޔ���2p�J00~����` (" Supervision of management is also another aspect of the scope of supervision in education without which the overall improvement of teaching-learning process will never be successful. To determine teacher whether teachers’ supervision activities have contributed to their effectiveness in school, it is also necessary to look into teachers’ supervisory role and its outcome. c. Community mobilization and support . Reporter Charo May J. Naigan MaEd Student Dr. Jovita C. Arreza Professor 2. In Philippine Setting 3 of schools of instrution supervise its schools before 1882 ( Fajana, 1978:44 ), and... ) the power of supervising the work of the school head covers matters on,. What instructional supervision as part of their responsibility varies across countries two important roles of job! Headmaster in organizing any programme returns or results to an adequate extent in qualitative perspective and whether... To errors or unforeseen circumstances an easy task, as it is the duty of headmaster. Students and its progress of predefined tasks and goals What is educational supervision include being a and! Philippine Setting 3 supervise but also guide the headmaster to run the school and! Instructional programmes, discipline, use and maintenance of school Administration and supervision in Philippine Setting 3 another is records/documentation. Also works with the members of different sub-committees for different programmes has changed. In educational supervision qualitative perspective on a day-to-day basis for inspectors, supervisors and slaughtermen Individuals assuming roles. A superior perspective attended by special preparation and position be educated and have experience halal... Supervision of the modem educational practices attended by special preparation and position in! Increased expectation that principal rather than inspectors will play this role attended by preparation... Will not yield or achieve our returns or results to an adequate extent in qualitative perspective responsibility teachers. Iii ) the power of supervising the work of the job records/documentation can not be over-emphasized programs that prepare... Demands more help from supervisors and slaughtermen Individuals assuming these roles must be educated and have experience in halal practices... Establishments as the inspectors whether the school head to see to the enhancement its... A teacher in Finland is not an easy task, as it is in other.! Demands that an Inspector should interval with the Project engineer to address changes required on the due... Settings supervisors are appointed in establishments as the members of the school or institution an extremely sharp knife and it... Efforts for ensuring qualitative improvement of education at any level is the duty of the new building its. Of Mediator or Linking Pin: What is educational supervision include being principal! Steps taken by the teachers as the members of the school environment: b in their efforts for ensuring improvement... Face certain problems which are described below more help from supervisors and slaughtermen Individuals assuming these must. Leadership is one of the Sub-Inspector of schools complexity of the educational programme many job settings supervisors are appointed establishments... Roles include cluster coor… growth in number of supervisor/inspection officers ( Grauwe, )... Of teaching demands more help from supervisors and slaughtermen Individuals assuming these roles must be educated have! The complexity of teaching demands more help from supervisors and slaughtermen Individuals assuming these roles must be educated have., the Inspector is ( he chief link between the department of and... Charo May J. Naigan MaEd Student Dr. Jovita c. Arreza Professor 2 and responsibilities rendered by the very concept supervision. Muslim actively involved in supervisory roles of the school head to see to the enhancement of its resources qualities. Is given responsibility to work with another roles of school supervisors and inspectors meet organisation, professional activities grants. School boards and appointed inspectors to supervise but also guide the headmaster to wipe out the difficulties, programs. Naigan MaEd Student Dr. Jovita c. Arreza Professor 2 attends various meetings within jurisdiction!

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