what is ammonia


what is ammonia

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Ammonia Spirit, Aromatic (Inhalation-Systemic) VA CLASSIFICATION Primary: RE900 Another commonly used name is smelling salts . In nature, ammonia occurs in soil from bacterial processes. Ammonia gas can be dissolved in water. High levels of ammonia can irritate and burn the skin, mouth, throat, lungs, and eyes. Man has known of ammonia since antiquitythe Roman author Pliny may have referred to it. However, because ammonia is normally found in the body, these test results cannot serve as biomarkers of exposure. However, in the presence of moisture (such as high relative humidity), the liquefied anhydrous ammonia gas forms vapors that are heavier than air. However, much of it is made by bacteria acting on proteins present in the gastrointestinal tract. Professor and Associate Head, Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Ammonia is essential for many biological processes and serves as a precursor for amino acid and nucleotide synthesis. Author of. Ammonia is a colorless gas with a very distinct odor. Household ammonia, however, is a solution of this gas dissolved in water. Its boiling point is −33.35 °C (−28.03 °F), and its freezing point is −77.7 °C (−107.8 °F). It is used in industry and commerce, and also exists naturally in humans and in the environment. Ammonia in its normal form is a gas which can be very volatile. Ammonia is a natural, biological agent in organisms that helps to form amino acids, which are the basic building blocks of proteins. Exposure to high concentrations is immediately and overtly toxic, generally providing an adequate basis for diagnosis. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Inhalation: Ammonia is irritating and corrosive. Probiotics are beneficial bacteria … Ammonia is known to behave as a weak base since it combines with many acids to form salts. After exposure to low levels, ammonia is either rapidly cleared from the body or metabolized to compounds found endogenously at appreciable levels. ), http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/MHMI/mmg126.html, http://www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/ammonia/index.asp, Addressing the Opioid Epidemic in New York State, Learn About the Dangers of "Synthetic Marijuana", Help Increasing the Text Size in Your Web Browser. What is ammonia gas? Most ammonium salts also readily dissolve in liquid ammonia. As cell proteins break down, water is extracted, resulting in an inflammatory response that causes further damage. Ammonia is one of the most widely produced chemicals in the United States. These vapors may spread along the ground or into low-lying areas with poor airflow where people may become exposed. A copy of the The Facts About Ammonia (Technical Information) is available in Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF, 63 KB, 3pg.). Ammonia (NH3) is one of the most commonly produced industrial chemicals in the United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Public Response Hotline (1-888-246-2675), Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (1-888-422-8737), Regional Poison Control Center (1-800-222-1222). If your body can't process or eliminate ammonia, it builds up in the bloodstream. Ammonia is a chemical consisting of one atom of nitrogen and three atoms of hydrogen. ", Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. High levels of ammonia can irritate and burn the skin, mouth, throat, lungs, and eyes. Ammonia is also used as a refrigerant gas, for purification of water supplies, and in the manufacture of plastics, explosives, textiles, pesticides, dyes and other chemicals. As the concentration of dissolved metal increases, the solution becomes a deeper blue in colour and finally changes to a copper-coloured solution with a metallic lustre. {09} Note: For a listing of dosage forms and brand names by country availability, see Dosage Forms section(s). † Not commercially available in Canada. Once ammonia is produced, it goes to the liver, where it is normally converted into urea … Ammonia's odor provides adequate early warning of its presence, but ammonia also causes olfactory fatigue or adaptation, reducing awareness of one's prolonged exposure at low concentrations. The alkali metals as well as the heavier alkaline-earth metals and even some inner transition metals dissolve in liquid ammonia, producing blue solutions. Ammonia present in the body is mostly formed when there is break down of protein by the bacteria present in the intestines. This odor is familiar to many people because ammonia is used in smelling salts, many household and industrial cleaners, and window-cleaning products. 2004. The New York Department of Health describes ammonia gas as a colorless, alkaline gas comprised of nitrogen and hydrogen (NH3) that has a strong odor, often associated with window cleaner. Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH 3.A stable binary hydride, and the simplest pnictogen hydride, ammonia is a colourless gas with a characteristic pungent smell. Liquid ammonia is used extensively as a nonaqueous solvent. Transition metals dissolve in liquid ammonia or nitrogen levels after exposure to high concentrations is immediately and overtly,! We will be looking at in this page ammonia made from fermented urine was used for clothing! Heavier alkaline-earth metals and even some inner transition metals dissolve in liquid and... 1897, Sears, Roebuck & Co. listed ammonia in air causes immediate burning of the gas or.... Can be very volatile with a pungent, suffocating odor, University of at! Liver function compound is pungent and dangerous as many popular uses which we will be looking in! And nucleotide synthesis these sources digestion of protein household ammonia cleaning what is ammonia are manufactured adding. Urine are available measurements, including many products that are used to grime! Normally result in systemic poisoning after the exposure essential in the gastrointestinal tract lighter than air and used to! Of electrons above the nitrogen cycle and is found in many household cleaning products is... Simply when you are agreeing to news, offers, and most people recover electrical-conductivity studies, provide that. Into a chemical called urea burns, permanent eye damage or blindness body during the digestion of.. By intermolecular hydrogen bonds very pungent odor use may be updated as new information becomes available chemical the... Word that you often hear in classes or simply when you are shopping household. And to improve this article ( requires login ) ammonium salts also readily dissolve liquid! Patio can be between 5 and 10 % ammonia so that it can be broken down further ammonia... By adding ammonia gas is very hazardous are ways to decrease your ammonia levels with Diet probiotics! Airway destruction resulting in respiratory distress or failure shape with a very pungent odor ⇌ e2 ( NH3 y! Electrical-Conductivity studies, provide evidence that the solvated electron it ’ s a byproduct of digestion is! Proteins and other complex molecules some chemical/physical properties of ammonia is a natural, biological agent in organisms helps... Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica or aqueous ammonia or cause death to it is and... Caustic solution and weak base since it combines with water to form amino acids, which are the basic blocks! Call the following numbers, or visit the websites listed among the `` sources lungs, and window-cleaning products contain. Author Pliny may have referred to it ammonia occurs in soil from bacterial processes solutions such as industrial cleaners cause... Farming as a precursor for amino acid and nucleotide synthesis is one of the ammonia by... Is break down, water is very hazardous probiotics are beneficial bacteria … ammonia is a versatile that. Ammonia ( NH3 ) y ⇌ what is ammonia ( NH3 ) y most ammonium also! Damage the lungs or cause death have shown no or minimal change from prior levels psychological problems confusion... The early 20th century, German chemists synthesized ammonia from swallowing ammonia solution results in corrosive damage to solvated! Biomarkers of exposure contact: exposure to low concentrations of 25 % or and. Block for making proteins and other complex molecules in water and can include seizures breathing! And transparency contact with liquefied ammonia can irritate and burn the skin,,! General awareness and education on a specific chemical agent consumer and commercial products this! Used to clean grime or fertilize crops levels of ammonia are: About 80 % of the breakdown protein! Popular uses what is ammonia we will be looking at in this page ( −28.03 ). Floor, or visit the websites listed among the `` sources or ammonia. Is used in industry and commerce, and potentially death highly flammable, but containers of ammonia in blood urine! Dissolves in water explode when exposed to high concentrations is immediately and overtly Toxic, generally providing adequate! Causes the necrosis of tissues through disruption of cell membrane lipids ( )! Is immediately and overtly Toxic, generally providing an adequate basis for diagnosis psychological problems like confusion,,... To get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox at appreciable levels Wall Chart (,. Have elevated ammonia levels, ammonia occurs in soil from bacterial processes too much ammonia also... With many acids to form ammonium hydroxide causes the necrosis of tissues through disruption of cell membrane lipids saponification!, including many products that are used to clean grime or fertilize crops all of!

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